While most votes are often recorded on Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs), some votes are also recorded using postal ballots. Through the postal ballot facility, a voter can cast his vote remotely by registering his preference and sending it to the election officer before counting.
Who can vote using Postal Ballots?
Only those who are registered to vote by post are eligible to vote, including personnel of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, armed police officers serving outside their state, government officials deployed outside of India, and their wives.
Voting is only permitted by mail for those who are under preventive custody. Additionally, there is a facility for absent voters to cast postal ballots. These voters are people who, because of their service circumstances, are unable to physically cast their ballots.
For instance, absentee voting is taken into account for railway workers stationed outside of their home state.
Special voters with the ability to vote by mail include the Vice President, Speaker of the House, Governors, Union Cabinet members, and government employees on election duty. But in order to use this service, customers must submit an application using a certain form.
How are postal ballots counted?
The Election Commission’s regulations provide that postal ballots are counted first, and that EVMs must be counted at least 30 minutes later. As a result, early trends that are published after voting starts to be counted frequently reflect votes cast via postal ballots.